Loved Books: The Mismeasure of Man by Stephen J Gould

Stephen Jay Gould is a voice that is missed in today’s world. Smart, compassionate and analytical but also with a deft capacity to write about complex ideas in an engaging way. In The Mismeasure of Man Gould stepped out of his main field of paleontology and looked at the history of attempts to measure intelligence and the racist assumptions that have run through those attempts. This is the 1981 edition which doesn’t have the chapters on The Bell Curve but still a worthy read.

Is it perfect? No but then a popular account of broad area of research necessarily simplifies and skips over some details. As gateway into understanding the issues there is no better book that I’m aware of.

Loved Books: Rocannon’s World & Planet of Exile

Paul Weimer recently had a review of Planet of Exile at Skiffy & Fanty:

I love that early Le Guin story and I wanted to find my copy. I’d mentioned the odd version I had back when I wrote about Le Guin just after she died. However, I can see I misremembered some things about it. I said that it was a US edition but it isn’t. It is clearly priced in pounds and for the UK/Australia (and Malta!) market. Other things are true though. It was an odd size and it was a two-for-one version with Rocannon’s World. I think it was the cover art that made me remember it as being an American.

The back cover is very British and also pitched at respectability with quotes from The Times and The Observer about how important Le Guin is. Whereas the cover is all pew-pew-flying-saucer-spearmen-yeah!

The imprint is “Star”. I can’t say that is familiar but it was ‘The paperback division of W.H.Allen’.

Together with City of Illusions, these books form a sort of trilogy of stories set in Le Guin’s Hainish universe but in the timeline chronologically after most of her later stories*. The connecting theme is a war or conflict with an unusual enemy whose actions form part of the background to the first two books and who are revealed in City of Illusions. The story of that war/conflict is not something Le Guin ever returned to, so the three books form a partial narrative of fictional events.

Anyway, this copy has somehow managed to work it’s way over three continents with me.

*[Maybe. The Lefthand of Darkness can be read as being later than all three and is clearly after Rocannon’s World or (more credibly) Le Guin didn’t expect the books to have a consistent history.]

Loved Books: The Mind’s I

Digging through boxes I found this ageing copy of the Mind’s I — underneath is a copy of Godel, Escher, Bach that you probably all knew that I have somewhere. The GEB doesn’t get an entry in this series because it’s a relatively new copy after the original one I owned vanished (possibly sucked into a vortex of self-reference)*.

The best way of describing The Mind’s I is as an anthology. It’s a collection of essays, stories and extract of things about the mind and identity. Looking back now at the list of writers I’m struck by two things:

  • So many are people whose other work I’ve sought out or re-encountered in other contexts.
  • Unless I’m mistaken the book had zero contributions from women.

That last point is what really dates the book. It feels absurd now that a book expression seeking to present multiple view points on the mind and self managed to miss half of humanity.

*[It was the Penguin version that had a Penrose triangle on the front.]

Loved Books: The Mathematical Experience by Philip J. Davis & Reuben Hersh

I was given this book as a Christmas present as a teenager but I had picked it out in a bookshop. It was part of a bunch of books I was given that included Anarchism by George Woodcock (since lost) and the Norse Myths by Kevin Crossley-Holland (which I still have somewhere).

The difference with this book was that maths was a new and surprising interest. I had never liked mathematics and for much of my schooling arithmetic had baffled me. However, past a certain age algebra in particular just clicked. I hadn’t noticed at first but as the work became more advanced I found that work was not getting proportionally harder, as in I was still finding it difficult but in the way I’d found times tables difficult except now we were doing work that everybody found hard.

So I started taking an interest in mathematics as mathematics and this book arrived when I needed it. Stepping into it I fell into a new rabbit hole – the sociology and philosophy of mathematics.

Loved Books: Graphic Discovery by Howard Wainer

A fascinatinglook  at graphs and diagrams from a historical and developmental perspective.

This was one of several books I bought on an Amazon buying binge. I had enough money to buy things that sounded cool and Amazon would just magically send them to me. A dangerous, dangerous combination for both my credit card and my book shelves.

Buying books this way is also a bit like playing the early levels of a video game again having leveled up your character to the max. It just becomes too easy to buy books and the excitement of finidng something weird and special in a bookshop becomes diminished.

[“A trout in the milk” is shorter version of the quote from Henry David Thoreau:

Some circumstantial evidence is very strong, as when you find a trout in the milk.”

Industrial action had led to a milk shortage and fears that the available milk was being watered down. ]

I Rewatched Avatar: The Last Airbender

I loved the Avatar: The Last Airbender cartoons when they came out [Note: I haven’t seen the film and I have only seen bits of the Legend of Korra] and I was really impressed. Kids TV or TV orientated to kids has repeatedly thrown up amazing gems — clever, inventive and engaging stories that have an element of creative freedom that adult shows are prevented from having. However, I saw it in a fragmented way. I missed episodes or was doing grown-up stuff.

Talking about it with now grown-up people who watched it as kids, I realised how much of it I’d never seen. I felt I knew the story but in truth there where massive chunks missing and parts (including the end!) that I’d just extrapolated or picked up from conversations. So I decided to watch the whole thing from beginning to end in a binge.

Some practicalities got in the way. In Australia, Season 1 is available on the Amazon Prime streaming service and Season 3 is available on the Stan streaming service and Season 2…isn’t. You can but all three seasons from iTunes and there are sites that carry not-always-great uploads of the show. Through a mix of options, I did get to watch all three seasons.

Some observations:

  • Yes, it was as good as I remember.
  • Some of the novelty (e.g. using a mix of western style animation & anime conventions) feels less radical now.
  • The use of China & Japan as a template for worldbuilding a fantasy land STILL looks novel for a Western produced fantasy story (although there are many more examples now).
  • Some of that borrowing from East Asian cultures now looks clumsy, in some cases appropriative and in others falls into bad stereotypes.
  • Actually, no, it wasn’t as good as I remember — it was better.

Its core strengths as a fantasy series were multifold. Most importantly it managed to have a set of core characters with clear and distinct personalities that stayed consistent  BUT which allowed for personal growth. Ang is both the same and different by the final episode, so is Katara and Sokka and of course Prince Zuko. All four of them appear in Episode 1 Season 1 and all four appear in the final episode, substantially transformed but still clearly the same people. This same process was done less successfully with supporting characters (Uncle Iroh’s motives & motivation get elevated, Azula gets a last-minute mental breakdown) but overall the story follows character-growth. In season 1 this was often done using children’s TV conventions — episodes would alternate between ones that pushed the over-arching plot forwards and ones that involved some lesson for the core characters in terms of who they are and their relationships.

Much is made of magic systems in modern fantasy and here the show was a really nice example of how to do it. The ‘bending’ is easy to grasp as a concept, it’s well integrated into the story (including into the surrounding technology) but the story never gets to belaboured into the mechanics of it. Pretty much you are told all you need to know in the first few seconds of the opening credits. After that, the show brings in examples bit by bit. Yes, there are points where a viewer might wonder ‘but why don’t they just…’* and the story skips over that but on the whole the story follows the implications through. For example the great Earth Kingdom city of Ba Sing Se has trains – powered by Earth benders pushing them along.

That sense of technological progress (both good and bad) also prevents the setting feeling like the kind of permanent Middle-Ages of standard Western fantasy. The peoples in the world are inventive and adaptable, they live different lives than they did in the past but are also connected to that past. Without delving too much into a complex history, the setting feels like a dynamic place with a past and a future.

The Last Airbender wasn’t shy about its influences (anime, martial arts movies, epic fantasy, quest stories etc) and its fun to watch for those elements. What caught me a few times was seeing things that looked like influences…but weren’t. The great walls around Ba Sing Se look like a nod to Attack on Titan, except The Last Airbender finished in 2008 and the Attack on Titan manga didn’t start until 2009. Star Wars connections also feel two-way, Zuko is destined to bring balance to the elements but Zuko feels a lot Kylo-Ren (not least of which is a fractured relationship with Mark Hamill!) or a scene in Season 2 Episode 13 (The Drill) in which Earth Kingdon troops in tenches in front of a wall face an approaching mechanised Fire Nation force, that looks not unlike a scene from The Last Jedi.

N.K. Jemisin (whose Broken Earth trilogy has its own connections with The Last Airbender) said about the series that it:

“…was, in my opinion, the best original fantasy produced by an American company since Jim Henson’s death. It was a children’s cartoon that was Shakespearean in its themes and weight, yet it managed to remain fundamentally young at heart.”

I think that is a good assessment. Yes, it was often ‘just’ a kids cartoon show and it has myriad flaws and silly episodes but it also had that element that the really great fantasy stories have: it makes people want to write their own. I think it already has influenced the fantasy genre but I think about kids who watched it for whom it was their Lord of the Rings or Wizard of Earthsea or Weirdstone of Brisingamen (feel free to add your own!) that set a spark in their imagination and presented a flexible template for a great story.

*[Katara learns ‘blood bending’ from an old Water Bender. The technique allow her to control a person’s body and she rejects using it because of its terrible nature. She does use it on two occasions. Later Katara sympathises with Ang not wishing to kill the tyrannical Fire Lord but also sees that Ang has to act – that she has the power to completely immobilise the Fire Lord doesn’t come up.]

Loved Books: Introduction to Logic by Irving Copi

This is a famous textbook on logic but I didn’t know that when I bought it…

I found it on a shelf of withdrawn-from-lending books in a public library somewhere in Humberside (almost certainly the main public library in Hull but I’ve a vague memory it was somewhere more weird than that).

To be honest I just thought it looked cool with its green cover and minimal title.

It cost 25 pence and I bought it in 1989 it seems. The cut out page was done by the library when they removed the record of when it had been lent out.

This is my second favourite withdrawn library book that I own. It is also a really decent text book on logic.

Loved Books: Sacred Mathematics – Japanese Temple Geometry

I don’t own books that you could call coffee table books (also I prefer coffee in cups rather than tables) but this one has the glossiest paper and a cover that looks like it has been gift wrapped.

This is a book about Sangaku ( – a topic about which I knew nothing. Reading about it briefly for the first time, I had one of those ‘how did I not already know about this!’ moments. I also, coincidentally, had money to spend on books! So I bought this as a present to myself.

The concept is/was that geometry problems or solutions to problems as a temple offering. How delightful is that! It’s symbolic but also requires personal effort, so it has many aspects of a kind of ritual sacrifice or penance (to cast in Western religious terms) but also very meaningful in other ways.

The idea of mathematics as belonging primarily with the sciences and materialist domains is a relatively new one. Sangaku is just one example of how mathematics often intersects with spiritual aspect of human inquiry as well as aesthetic ones.